IV
Spreading Excellence
and Widening
Participation

 

 

V
Science with and
for society

 

VI
European Institute of Innovation and
Technology (EIT)

 

VII
Euratom

             

IV
Spreading Excellence and Widening Participation

Horizon 2020 introduces specific measures for spreading excellence and widening participation. These measures are targeted at low-performing Member States in terms of research and innovation, and they will be implemented by the Member States most in need of the new Cohesion policy for the 2014-2020 programming period.

The specific measures are:

  • The Teaming action (associating advanced research institutions to other institutions, agencies or regions for the creation or upgrade of existing centres of excellence) is a new feature under Horizon 2020. It will provide new opportunities to the parties involved, with real prospects for growth through tapping into new collaboration and development patterns, including the establishment of new scientific
  • Twinning will help strengthen a defined field of research in a knowledge institution through linking with at least two internationally-leading counterparts in Europe.


 

 
 
  • The ERA Chairs scheme will provide support for universities and other research institutions to attract and maintain high quality human resources and implement the structural changes necessary to achieve excellence on a sustainable basis.
  • The Policy Support Facility will aim to improve the design, implementation and evaluation of national/regional research and innovation policies. It will offer expert advice to public authorities at national or regional level on a voluntary basis, covering the needs to access the relevant body of knowledge, benefit from the insight of international experts, use state of the art methodologies and tools, and receive tailor-made advice.
  • Supporting access to international networks for excellent researchers and innovators who lack sufficient involvement in European and international networks. This will include support provided through COST.
  • Strengthening the administrative and operational capacity of transnational networks of National Contact Points will allow financial and technical support and ensure the flow of information between them and the Horizon 2020 implementation bodies.

V
Science with and for society

The aim of this programme is to build effective cooperation between science and society, to recruit new talent for science and to pair scientific excellence with social awareness and responsibility.

It allows all societal actors (researchers, citizens, policy makers, business, third sector organisations etc.) to work together during the whole research and innovation process in order to better align both the process and its outcomes with the values, needs and expectations of European society. This approach to research and innovation is called Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI).
 

 

RRI is an inclusive approach to research and innovation (R&I), to ensure that societal actors work together during the whole research and innovation process. It aims to better align both the process and outcomes of R&I, with the values, needs and expectations of European society.

In general terms, RRI implies anticipating and assessing potential implications and societal expectations with regard to research and innovation. In practice, RRI consists of designing and implementing R&I policy that will:

  • engage society more broadly in its research and innovation activities;
  • increase access to scientific results;
  • ensure gender equality, in both the research process and research content;
  • take into account the ethical dimension;
  • promote formal and informal science education.

VI
European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT)

The European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) is a key driver of sustainable European economic growth and competitiveness. It works to reinforce the innovation capacity of the European Union and its Member States in order to address grand challenges facing European society. From 2014 to 2020, the EIT will receive € 2 711.4 million to continue promoting innovation in Europe.

The 2014 Call for knowledge and Innovation Communities (KICs) is now open!

The EIT has been created to enhance Europe’s ability to innovate by integrating, for the first time at EU level, education and entrepreneurship with research and innovation. The main operational arm of the EIT is its Knowledge and Innovation Communities (KICs). Through them the EIT develops and tests a new model of how innovation is approached, managed, financed and delivered in Europe. The KICs offer a genuine opportunity for top innovation players to be part of a highly collaborative community, based on the principles of excellence and commitment, to achieve pan-European impact.


 
  In record time, the EIT and its existing Knowledge and Innovation Communities, or KICs, have brought about promising results by training more than 1000 students, creating more than 100 start-ups which have launched more than 400 products and services.
 
The EIT's three initial KICs were established in 2010 to address:

From 2014 onwards, the EIT will launch 5 new KICs:

2014
  • Innovation for healthy living and active ageing
  • Raw materials – sustainable exploration, extraction, processing and recycling
2016
  • Added-value manufacturing
  • Food4Future – sustainable supply chain from resources to consumers
2018
  • Urban mobility

VII
Euratom

Euratom is a complementary research programme for nuclear research and training.

The indirect actions of the Euratom Program focus on two areas:

  • nuclear fission and radiation protection
  • fusion research aiming at developing magnetic confinement fusion as an energy source.
The Euratom Program puts a strong emphasis on developing nuclear skills and competence. This will allow Europe to maintain world leadership in nuclear safety and waste management and to attain the highest level of protection from radiation.  In particular, the Programme will be carrying out research in the medical uses of radiation, for the benefit for all European citizens.

For fusion research, the Program calls for a substantial reorganisation that will support a shift from pure, academic research to scientific questions of designing, building and operating future facilities such as ITER. This will allow fusion to progress towards electricity production by fusion around the middle of the century.
 
 

To achieve these objectives, the nuclear research activities will be supported by simpler legislation, thereby facilitating access to funding for companies, universities, research institutes in all EU Member States and beyond. In line with the Euratom Treaty, the Programme will run for five years, from 2014 to 2018.

Main priorities

The Euratom Research and Training Program has the following specific objectives:

  • Support safety of nuclear systems;
  • Contribute to the development of safe longer term solutions for the management of ultimate radioactive waste;
  • Support the development and sustainability of nuclear expertise and excellence in the European Union;
  • Support radiation protection and development of medical applications of radiation, including, inter alia, the secure and safe supply and use of radioisotopes;
  • Move toward demonstration of feasibility of fusion as a power source by exploiting existing and future fusion facilities;
  • Lay the foundations for future fusion power plants by developing materials, technologies and conceptual design;
  • Promote innovation and industrial competitiveness;
  • Ensure availability and use of research infrastructures of pan-European relevance.
     
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